We recommend planting all plants in pots or planting baskets rather than directly in the bottom of a pond or pool. This helps with maintenance because all of the containers are retrievable. Plant care is easier. All pond plants require at least 5 hours of direct sunlight each day for maximum growth. Remember to fertilize throughout the growing season.
Tropical Water Lilies
Day and night blooming tropical water lilies need to be planted in a 12” diameter pot. Each lily should have a 3 to 5 gallon container. Fill the pot half full with aquatic planting soil, if you are using fertilizer tablets add them and then continue adding potting soil until you are about 2” from the top. You can also fertilize by inserting time released fertilizer stakes, after you have planted. The rhizome (roots) should be set up right and gently buried in the soil. Do not bury the tip of the rhizome (area of sprouting leaf growth). Next, add an inch or two of gravel to prevent the soil from escaping from the potting basket. Keep the gravel away from the tip or crown of the rhizome. Lower the plant into the water at a depth of about 12 inches. Tropical lilies cannot tolerate cold temperatures. Do not plant them in your pond until water reaches at least 70 degrees. Planting too early can cause dormancy and restrict the potential growth of the plant. Tropical lilies bloom from late spring through early fall, depending upon the weather.
Hardy Water Lilies
Plant hardy lilies much like you plant tropical lilies. These lilies grow horizontally across the container so a wide pot is necessary. Plant the rhizome at one edge of the container at an angle of about 45 degrees, exposing the crown. The plant can be placed into the water, 6 “to start, then lowered to a depth of 12” to 18” as the plant grows. You can plant hardy lilies in the early spring. They bloom from June through September depending on the weather. They become dormant during colder months. As the next spring season approaches, growth will begin again.
Marginal or Bog Plants
Plant marginal plants individually, in1 to 3 gallon, containers. Marginal plants usually are grown in 2”net pots. We recommend that you plant them without removing these net pots so that you do not damage roots. Plant them as you do lilies, but when adding fertilizer tablets, use one tablet per 1 gallon sized pots and two tablets for 2 to 3 gallon size pots. Lower them to a depth of only 2 to 3 inches. Usually found at waters edge, marginal plants grow out of the water.
These plants require no planting. Simply place them in the water and they will grow. Floating plants desire tropical temperatures and cannot tolerate a frost.
All ponds should have underwater oxygenating plants to aid in maintaining clean and pure water. These plants help to prevent algae and provide oxygen. Plant oxygenating plants the same as lilies and marginal plants. A one gallon sized pot is recommended. Completely submerge these plants to a depth of at least 12 inches.
Help protect our local wetlands, streams, creeks and rivers by being responsible.
Please do not release your aquarium, water garden /pond plants or fish into our waterways. They can be harmful to your local eco-systems.
Choose your plants and fish carefully. Take care of them. If there comes a time when you cannot do so, please dispose of your plants responsibly. Some suggestions might be to contact a fish hobby keeper or locate someone who has a pond and wants to add. If that is not an option, you can compost, burn or seal any unwanted or invasive plants in a plastic bags and put them with your refuge. Local aquariums, classrooms and schools sometimes accept donations.
Remember that Aquarium Adventure and other responsible aquarium stores can aid in the placement of fish.
Aquarium Adventure is a partner of Habitattitude